In the legislative draft adopted on 3 October 2018, MEPs have proposed an emission reduction target of 40% for the entire European fleet by 2030 (higher than the 30% proposed by the European Commission, reference year: 2021), with an intermediate target of 20% by 2025. Similar goals will apply to new vans.

Builders whose average CO2 emissions exceed these targets will be fined to the EU budget, which will be used to upgrade workers affected by developments in the automotive sector, say MEPs.

Manufacturers will also need to ensure that zero or low emissions vehicles (electric vehicles or cars that emit less than 50 grams of CO2 per kilometer) account for 35% of the market share of new car and light truck sales by 2030 , and 20% by 2025.

Emissions: tests in real driving conditions by 2023

The Parliament calls on the European Commission to present, within two years, projects on testing CO2 emissions under real-life conditions, using a portable device like the one recently put in place for NOx emissions. In the meantime, CO2 emissions must be measured on the basis of data provided by the vehicle fuel consumption meter.

Social consequences of decarbonisation

MEPs recognize that a socially acceptable and fair transition to zero emission mobility requires changes across the automotive value chain, with potentially negative social consequences. The EU should therefore promote the acquisition of skills and the reallocation of workers in the sector, particularly in the regions and communities most affected by the transition. MEPs also plead for support for the European battery manufacturing sector.

Labeling and life cycle of emissions

By the end of 2019, the European Commission will have to propose legislation to provide consumers with accurate and comparable information on fuel consumption, CO2 emissions and pollutants for new cars.

Starting in 2025, manufacturers will have to report on the CO2 emissions lifecycle of new cars on the market, using a common methodology.

Next steps

The report was adopted by 389 votes in favor, 239 against and 41 abstentions. EU ministers will adopt their common position on 9 October. Negotiations with MEPs for a first reading agreement will begin on 10 October.

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Source: European Parliament