19 November 2013 

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The term Intelligent Transport Systems (ITS) refers to information and communication technology applied to transport infrastructure and vehicles. Berg Insight’s definition of ITS for public transport includes systems installed in public transport vehicles as well as at terminals, stops, depots and similar. Included are also backoffice IT systems which ensure that public transport services can be planned, scheduled and managed to achieve efficient operations. An important part of ITS for public transport is further solutions providing travellers with updated information about routes, departure times, possible disturbances and connecting services. The history of these different types of solutions dates back several decades and current state-of-the-art solutions include for example real-time intermodal journey planners, automated fare collection systems using contactless cards or NFC-enabled handsets, and on-board infotainment solutions with information about nearby points of interest.

Public transport plays an essential role in the European society. Approximately 60 billion public transport passenger journeys per year are carried out in the EU27. Available modes include for example local and regional buses and trolleybuses, regional and suburban rail transport, metros and trams, and local waterborne passenger transport services. A total of 757,000 buses and coaches account for 8.6 percent of the yearly passenger kilometres on land in Europe. The economic value of public transport services in Europe is estimated to around € 150–200 billion per year, which represents approximately 1–1.5 percent of the GDP. The public transport sector furthermore creates about 1.2 million direct employments in Europe, and an average of 2–2.5 indirect employments per direct job.

Berg Insight is of the opinion that the European market for ITS for public transport is in a growth phase which will last for several years to come. Individual markets may however continue to experience temporary fluctuations, depending on the political climate and local developments. The total market value for public transport ITS for buses and trams is forecasted to grow at a compound annual growth rate of 9 percent from € 0.94 billion in 2012 to reach € 1.44 billion by 2017. The penetration of on-board computers with GPS location functionality and wireless communication in buses and trams is estimated to increase from 42.5 percent in 2012 to 59.6 percent in 2017, varying considerably between regional markets. A group of international aftermarket solution providers have emerged as the leaders on the European market for public transport ITS. The dominant providers are Trapeze Group, INIT and IVU, all having headquarters in the German-speaking region and substantial installed bases across a multitude of countries inEurope and beyond. Examples of companies with major market shares on national markets inEurope include Ineo Systrans which holds a leading position in France, and Vix which is a major provider on the UK market. Other significant players include the Spanish groups GMV, Indra and Grupo Etra, Swarco’s subsidiary Swarco Mizar in Italy, the Norwegian provider FARA and theBelgium-based company Prodata Mobility Systems.

All the major bus manufacturers have initiatives related to OEM bus telematics. Scania currently offers the same telematics features for buses as for trucks and the company plans to introduce a wider range of bus-specific solutions. Daimler has introduced a modified version of its fleet management system for trucks, marketed as a bus-specific system, while Iveco collaborates with third-party suppliers when fulfilling customer requirements for ITS. MAN does not yet offer an OEM telematics system for its buses, though plans are to introduce such functionality. Volvo Group, in turn, offers solutions not only for conventional telematics and fleet management, but also traffic management functionality such as dispatching, traffic monitoring and real-time passenger information. Volvo Buses has been established as a notable player together with its telematics partner Consat Telematics.

The outlook for the European public transport ITS market is positive, as several major developments foster increased investments in such technologies. ITS adoption is likely to increase following international public transport related initiatives such as the EU project EBSF and associated efforts such as 3iBS and ITxPT. Contributing developments further include the ever-increasing environmental awareness and UITP’s sought-after doubling of the public transport ridership by 2025. Another major driver is on-going global developments related to the concept of smart cities, where ITS in general and public transport ITS in particular constitute key elements to enable sustainable smart mobility.

Highlights from this report:

• Insights from 30 new executive interviews with market leading companies.
• New data on vehicle fleets and public transport utilization in Europe.
• Comprehensive description of the public transport ITS value chain and key applications.
• In-depth analysis of market trends and key developments.
• Updated Profiles of 54 aftermarket ITS solution providers.
• Summary of OEM propositions from public transport vehicle brands.
• Revised market forecasts lasting until 2017.

This report answers the following questions:
• How is public transport organised and managed in the European countries?
• What is the geographical structure of public transport fleets in Europe?
• Which are the leading international and regional providers of aftermarket public transport ITS solutions in Europe?
• What offerings are available from vehicle OEMs?
• What impact will the launch of standard factory installed on-board computers from the OEMs have on the market?
• How has the economic crisis affected the market for public transport ITS solutions in Europe.
• How are the regulatory developments in Europe affecting the public transport ITS industry?
• How will the public transport ITS industry evolve in the future?

Who should buy this report?
ITS in Public Transport is the foremost source of information
about this market in Europe. Whether you are an ITS and telematics
vendor, vehicle manufacturer, telecom operator, investor,
consultant, or government agency, you will gain valuable insights
from our in-depth research.

Table of Contents

Table of Contents i
List of Figures vi
Executive summary 1

1 Public transport in Europe 3
1.1 Modal split of passenger transport 5
1.2 Bus fleets and public transport utilisation 6
1.3 Market shares for bus and coach OEMs 8
1.4 Rail-borne public transport modes 9
1.4.1 Trams and light rail 10
1.4.2 Metro 11
1.5 Organisation and contracting in public transport 13
1.5.1 Legal framework 14
1.5.2 Organisational forms and regional differences 15
1.6 Major public transport operators 17

2 ITS technologies and solutions 21
2.1 Public transport ITS infrastructure 22
2.1.1 Vehicle segment 24
2.1.2 Roadside segment 26
2.1.3 Backoffice segment 27
2.1.4 Traveller segment 29
2.1.5 GNSS segment 30
2.1.6 Network segment 30
2.2 Public transport management 34
2.2.1 Planning and scheduling tools 34
2.2.2 Computer aided dispatch systems 35
2.2.3 Traffic signal priority 35
2.2.4 Depot management 36
2.3 Traveller management 36
2.3.1 Passenger information 36
2.3.2 Entertainment 37
2.3.3 Fare payment 38
2.4 Driver management 39
2.4.1 Driving data registration and analysis 39
2.4.2 Eco-driving schemes 40
2.4.3 Insurance risk management 40
2.5 Vehicle management 41
2.5.1 Vehicle diagnostics and maintenance planning 41
2.5.2 On-board security solutions 41
2.6 Business models and strategies 42

3 Market forecasts and trends 45
3.1 Market analysis 45
3.1.1 Market value forecast 45
3.1.2 Regional markets 47
3.1.3 Major vendors 48
3.2 Market drivers and barriers 50
3.2.1 Macroeconomic environment 50
3.2.2 Regulatory environment 51
3.2.3 Competitive environment 53
3.2.4 Technology environment 54
3.3 Value chain analysis 57
3.3.1 ITS and telematics industry players 57
3.3.2 Automotive industry players 63
3.3.3 Telecom industry players 65
3.3.4 IT industry players 67
3.4 Future industry trends 69

4 OEM products and strategies 73
4.1 Daimler 73
4.2 Iveco 76
4.3 MAN 78
4.4 Scania 79
4.5 Volvo Group 81
4.6 Other bus manufacturers 85
4.6.1 Alexander Dennis 85
4.6.2 VDL 86
4.6.3 Van Hool 87

5 Aftermarket solution providers 89
5.1 International 89
5.1.1 Cubic Transportation Systems 89
5.1.2 GIRO 91
5.1.3 INIT 93
5.1.4 IVU 97
5.1.5 Prodata Mobility Systems 101
5.1.6 Swarco 104
5.1.7 Thales 107
5.1.8 Trapeze Group 109
5.1.9 Xerox 115
5.2 Germany and Eastern Europe 117
5.2.1 Atron 117
5.2.2 BMG MIS 119
5.2.3 i-Cell 120
5.2.4 PSI Transcom 121
5.2.5 R&G 124
5.2.6 Radcom 125
5.2.7 Siemens 126
5.2.8 UTI 127
5.3 France, Benelux and the UK 128
5.3.1 Actia 128
5.3.2 Comatis 131
5.3.3 GreenRoad 132
5.3.4 Ineo Systrans 134
5.3.5 Lumiplan 137
5.3.6 MiX Telematics 139
5.3.7 Moviken 143
5.3.8 Navocap 145
5.3.9 Omnibus 147
5.3.10 SPIE 148
5.3.11 Vix 150
5.4 The Mediterranean 153
5.4.1 Digigroup 153
5.4.2 GMV 155
5.4.3 Goal Systems 158
5.4.4 Grupo Etra 159
5.4.5 Indra 161
5.4.6 Link Technologies 164
5.4.7 PluService 165
5.4.8 Prointec 167
5.4.9 Selex ES 168
5.4.10 T&T 170
5.4.11 Tecmic 171
5.5 The Nordics 173
5.5.1 Consat 173
5.5.2 FARA 174
5.5.3 Hogia 176
5.5.4 Pilotfish 178
5.5.5 Thoreb 180
5.5.6 Trivector 183
5.5.7 Vehco 184
5.6 Additional solution providers 186
5.6.1 21st Century 186
5.6.2 DILAX 188
5.6.3 HaCon 189
5.6.4 Hanover Displays 190
5.6.5 Höft & Wessel 191
5.6.6 Luminator Technology Group 192
5.6.7 Nettropolis 193
5.6.8 Scheidt & Bachmann 194

Glossary 197

List of Figures

Figure 1.1: Modal split of passenger transport on land (EU23+2 2010) 4
Figure 1.2: Bus statistics – vehicle stock, new registrations & passenger-km (EU23+2) 7
Figure 1.3: Bus & coach (>16t) market shares, by group & brand (EU27+2 2012) 8
Figure 1.4: Bus & coach (3.5–16t) market shares, by group & brand (EU27+2 2012) 9
Figure 1.5: Statistics on metro systems in Europe (EU23+2 2010) 12
Figure 1.6: Key figures on major public transport operators in Europe 17
Figure 1.7: Market presence in Europe for major transport operators (EU23+2 2013) 19
Figure 2.1: Public transport ITS infrastructure overview 23
Figure 2.2: Examples of on-board equipment installed in public transport vehicles 25
Figure 2.3: Example of public transport ITS backoffice segment 28
Figure 2.4: Examples of journey planner for iPhone and smartcard payment solution 29
Figure 3.1: Public transport ITS market value and penetration (EU27+2 2012–2017) 46
Figure 3.2: Major public transport ITS providers on the European market 48
Figure 3.3: Financial data for leading ITS and telematics industry players 58
Figure 3.4: Key data for companies and groups active in ITS for public transport 60
Figure 3.5: Mergers and acquisitions among companies active in public transport ITS 62
Figure 3.6: Mobile operators in Europe by M2M subscriber base (Q4-2012) 66
Figure 5.1: Product overview of INIT’s offering 94
Figure 5.2: Overview of IVU.suite 99
Figure 5.3: Prodata Mobility Systems products 103
Figure 5.4: Trapeze’s Intelligent Touch Terminal and Trapeze-Elgeba’s Ticontrol 500 113
Figure 5.5: Actia’s I-HMI and Podium dashboard with driverAID function 130
Figure 5.6: Ineo Systrans’ TACTILEO driver interface 135
Figure 5.7: MiX Telematics’ new generation RIBAS display 141
Figure 5.8: Pilotfish’s Vehicle Gateway VG200 and Driver Console FK500 179

To order this report: ITS in Public Transport – 3rd Edition