The rail sector makes a substantial contribution to the EU economy, directly employing over 1 million people (railway undertakings, infrastructure managers). European rail transports some 1.6 billion tonnes of freight and 9 billion passengers each year. Rail transport is critical to the EU strategy for a more sustainable transport sector, economic and social cohesion and connecting Europeans within and between Member States. This report is the sixth edition of the rail market monitoring report submitted by the Commission to the European Parliament and the Council pursuant to Article 15(4) of Directive 2012/34/EU.

The purpose of this report is to provide an overview of the main developments in rail markets in the context of EU rail market policy objectives. It covers a broad range of topics such as the evolution of the internal market in rail services, the infrastructure and services available to railway undertakings, the framework conditions (including charges), the state of the network, the utilisation of access rights and barriers to more effective rail services.

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Source: European Commission